الثلاثاء، 26 مارس 2013

Egyptian civilization timeless pictures and video

Civilization of the ancient Egyptians or the Pharaonic civilization is a civilization that has in Egypt under the rule of Pharaonic different since the dawn of history until the Roman invasion of Egypt over 3000 years.

250 thousand years ago BC.. In prehistoric Egypt was home to primitive man, who was trapped animals where the region in the far south of the Nuba rich grass

35 thousand years ago BC.. Came to this area of desertification, which stops rainfall creating communities Central Agricultural Egypt and Delta in the north. The first Egyptian civilization in the Badari in Upper Egypt is based on agriculture, fishing and breeding birds, livestock and industry Alfajarwaltaadin.

• In about the year 4000 BC.. Appeared irrigation systems and Egypt became small tribal kingdoms and the Upper symbolized by his white crown and Lower Egypt, symbolized by his red crown and united King Menes from the south of the two countries since 3200 years BC. And make the capital of Memphis (Memphis). This uniformity make Egypt a safe country and its capital Memphis and this is clear from the records of the many who kept them dry climate to be reserved through successive times and verses on papyrus.

 This division of Egypt's historic and known system level dynastic Egyptian priest named Maniton was written in the Ptolemaic era:
divide the history of Egypt for thirty family until entry of Alexander the Great, Egypt and this date where gaps overlooked rule several periods of Egypt's rulers. See: Maniton.
Under the ruler of Egypt makes it divinity since the unification Musraam 3200 years BC.. Even the Roman occupation of Egypt.
• 2772 BC. M. Egyptians knew that the calendar 365 days a year.
• 2700 BC.. King Djoser built his pyramid pyramid known Saqqara.
• 2560 BC.. King Khufu built the Great Pyramid, which remained the highest building in the world until the 13th century.
• 2260 BC. Events of the story took place Eloquent Peasant
• 2050 BC. Become good Luxor during the Middle Kingdom, the capital of Egypt.
• 2000 BC.. Egypt cats روضت to catch snakes and progress in astronomy and paid off the flood forecasting.
• 1786 BC.. Hyksos who came to Egypt as traders and action in previous turbulent century, occupying the north of Egypt and yet advance the horse and the wheel and a strong influence because of internal problems in Egypt.
 • 1600 BC.. Revolt against the Hyksos in Upper Egypt spread all over Egypt.
• 1560 BC.. Ahmose the expulsion of the Hyksos and other Asian tribes, the founding of the modern state and Egypt became a colonial state and controlled most of the ancient world.
• 1500 BC.. Use sweep
• 1425 BC.. King Thutmose III took power in Egypt and founded the Egyptian Empire, or what is described as the modern state
• 1375 BC.. Call monotheism of Akhenaten and moved the capital from Thebes to Tel el-Amarna and prevent sun worship, which led to the disintegration of large parts of the Egyptian Empire
• 1271 BC.. King Ramses II fights Alhethein on the country's eastern border in a long battle its name Cadiz did not win a
• 1285 BC.. King of the Hittites Khatossell second convene a peace agreement with Ramses II is the first peace agreement in history and blog came to power parity
 • 1236 BC.. King Merneptah, king of Egypt (1236 1223), repels attack Sea Peoples and the Libyans and codifies on مسلاته that attacked people (Israel) and spent it in the (1231)
• 1167 BC. The death of Ramses III (1198 1167) Last kings of Egypt bones and a weak central state, priests, and provincial governors in control of Egypt and the beginning of the Late Period
• 750 BC.. King كاشتا south reach of government and declares himself king of the country and the son of the god Amun.
• 671 BC.. Wars with the Assyrians
• 661 BC.. Egyptians expelled the Assyrians by Obsmatik I
• 601 BC. King Necho II repels Babylonian invasion war Egyptian Babylonian
• 525 BC.. Alakhmignon invade Egypt and ruled it for the year 405 BC.
• 405 BC.. Egyptians expelled the Persians at the hands of Imereti
• 343 BC.. Persians occupy Egypt again until 332 BC.
• 332 BC.. Alexander the Great invades Egypt and founded Alexandria
• 323 BC.. Beginning of the rule of the Ptolemies
• 30 BC.. Cleopatra VII commit suicide - the end of the reign of Ptolemy and the beginning of Roman rule
• 330 m Byzantine Roman rule of Egypt.
• 641 entry of Islam Egypt after 33 years of his appearance in Mecca

Ancient civilization not Egyptians civilized slip in span of time. Because their civilization was individually Basmadtha huge civilization and its achievements and originality. This is what gave it the credibility of originality among all civilizations. Or cultures, making it the undisputed world. This civilization more مكوثا and impressed and renowned among ancient civilizations. The civilization of the ancient Egyptians The Ancient Egyptians Civilization along the Nile River in northeastern Africa since 5000 BC.. To the year 30 BC. .. The longest continuity of civilization the ancient world, and the ancient Egyptian civilization mean in terms of geography that civilization, which originated the valley and the Nile Delta, where he lived the ancient Egyptians. It is the cultural aspect refers to the language and culture rituals and customs and organizing and running their own lives and life management and their understanding of the nature around them and their dealings with their neighbors and are the first people to tap the cats.

The Nile River, which is the ancient Egyptian civilization بنبع over highlands of Abyssinia eastern Africa and the headwaters of the Nile in southern Sudan, traveling from Sudan in the north to Egypt comes flooding every year to feed the soil with silt. This phenomenon is natural flood made ​​Egypt's economy is growing renewable dependent mainly on agriculture. It helped at the emergence of civilization also sky free of clouds and sunshine supervising almost throughout the year to provide ancient Egyptians Ieddfou and light. Egypt is also protected from neighbors West Sahara and the sea from the north and east, and the presence of waterfalls (cataract) south of heart on the Nile, making it a semi-derelict land. In this land back two of the seven wonders. The two pyramids of Giza and the Lighthouse of Alexandria.

The plant was the oldest archaeological site in Nubia. The 6000 years ago the pastoral summer rains fall attends cattle until 4899 years ago when it rains receded. Discovered stone circles has the region Scanbh communities, including the village was feeding it 18 water wells beneath the surface of the tiles building Majuleci a large statue resembles a cow sculpture of a large rock. The village consists of 18 beta. Many landfills for livestock where Ali was found in their rooms from the mud. This indicates that they worshiped the cow population. Stoves were found used. The bones of deer, hares and pottery sherds and decorated ostrich egg shells. But does not have a landfill or human waste in the plant. This indicates that the nomads were free to come to every summer plant where water and pasture. And marriage and trade and the establishment of religious rituals.

 In the field of astronomy, we find that the ancient Egyptians could have stayed the oldest observatory in the world and before the era of building the pyramids since a period of time by the sun and stars, where they established evidence of stone Mijalithat Megaliths. It is a circle of stone have been established since 7000 in the desert in southern Egypt. Before establish Almijalathat sites in England, Britain and Europe a thousand years as a famous Stonehenge site.
The papyrus plant were being treated blazing him kind Atmarh and wrote their own history and their knowledge and their customs and traditions to be a message for their grandchildren and the world. They write it in the hieroglyphic writing of a graphic symbol which reflects the image known. And developed concepts in the account and studied engineering, medicine, dentistry and worked them calendar according to their observations of the sun and stars. Although the ancient Egyptians used to worship many gods, but the divine call unification came at the hands of King Akhenaten ideological feature. They also first Souroaptda doctrine life in the Hereafter.

These concepts did not exist I have the rest of the people. And built and decorated the graves and decorated Ptothitha have to live by the eternal existence. Egypt was the superpower and the world was the old political influence often extends its influence to neighboring countries in east Asia and west Africa. And south of heart and Puntland to Yemen and the ancient Egyptians call their land Kemet Kemet any land because the black Nile provide them with silt and was also called rational Deshret any ground reference to the color red sands of the desert, which is burning in the sun. The abundance of flood water has made ​​them Avemun network for irrigation and agriculture and manufactured boat traffic, transport and fishing river.

 And gave them the land of precious metals and gems such as gold, silver and copper. They exchange goods with neighboring countries. The history of Egypt is found start since 8000 BC.. In South East Egypt when the north-eastern Sudanese border. The people who came to her patrons and this area was the area where he was attracted by the sensitivity plains for grazing and hospitable climate and lakes of seasonal rainfall. The monuments show that they were settlers there caring for livestock. And left after them huge buildings in the year 6000 BC..

Agriculture has begun in the town of Badari in six 5000 BC.. The Fayoum settlers before planting the Badari thousand years. And was Mermaid Delta city on its western border since 4500 BC.. In the city of Bhutto emerged pottery decorated model differs from the pottery in Upper Egypt. There was a difference between the ancient Egyptians between Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt in the faith and way of burying the dead and architecture. The King Mena in 3100 BC.. And united the two countries (Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt). He put on his head eutrophication white symbolizes the face of tribal and Red sea face. The king made ​​Mina Memphis Memphis unified capital and was located west of the Nile at Giza and Abydos cemetery property and moved to the Saqqara during the era of the Old Kingdom.

The population of Egypt before Dynastic (5000 BC. M.. - 3000 BC. M..) Is currently only hundreds of thousands, during the Old Kingdom (2575 BC. M.. --2 134 BC. M..) Numbered 2 million people during the Middle Kingdom (2040 BC. M.. -1640 BC.). increased in number and during the new Kingdom (1550 BC.. - 1070 BC.). reached Aladdinm 3 - 4 million. In the Hellenistic era (332 BC.. - 30 BC. M.) Reached number 7 million. Egypt and then entered the Roman era. The Egyptians Igeoron river. Because it is an agricultural society and was executing a good and important when she was two each capital. And teaching and writing was independent in ancient Egypt and the limited writing and reading among a small percentage of the ruling elite or clerks in the administrative apparatus.

The hieroglyphic language traded in religious temples and the demotic language was the language of writing popular Greek language Greek rulers. The content of writing in praise of Pharaoh Musroanjazath good for the priests and the people of Egypt. Was written by priests to read from the public and private senior Egyptian ruling class. Champollion was able to decode hieroglyphics in 1822 to open the horizons to identify the ancient Egyptian civilization lifting ألغازها and translation sciences after the revival of the language after مواتها through the centuries. Hieroglyphic and أبحديتها taught anyone who wants to study Egyptology. Then evolved to the hieroglyphic Heratkip then Dimutkip then to the Coptic

The ancient Egyptians had their calendar time since the early stage and was based on Mlahzanhm of the sun and the stars in the sky and the dates of the Nile flood every year. They were using their calendar in the accounts of historical events and festivals and scheduling Narich royal decisions. It was the first attempt to make a calendar year 8000 BC.. When making stone circles (see: Afbara. Stonehenge) in the corner of the maximum southwest Egypt.

They were used to observe the stars and their movements. And divided the 24-hour (12 day and 12 night) and week 10 days month 3 weeks or 30 days. Year and 12 months. The divided to three classes each semester 4 months. The year was equivalent to 360 days. The ancient Egyptians add after 5 days on each of these five days refers to the god's birthday. And this year will be a pharaonic full 365 days. It almost close to the solar year except for a quarter on the difference in each calendar year did not know to add day every 4 years.

The ancient Egyptians Balgdid innovative creative works and stunning the world both in embalming (article), music, sculpture, literature, painting, architecture and drama. After days of consolidation مبنا religious belief have become a formal attributes of pluralism in the gods and Theology and the environment have an impact on religious thought and worship Pharaonic gods, where the human or animal forms, or a combination of them. These forms Jsdwiha ancient Egyptian forces of nature and its elements. Formation of myths and stories about gods and their world to understand the complex interactions in the universe around them.

Religious belief played a big role in their lives and have had their impact on the arts and the thoughts about life in the Hereafter and the idea of ​​the Resurrection and relationships بحكامهم. The Art Studio dimensions Kalnan and drawing on the walls of bilateral temples, tombs and coffins of the dead and coffins of the dead and papyrus. The Egyptian artists Iggsmon images personal Bmlamhaa expressive Ttin rate of time and space in these pictures URLs by Alkhlodomn through hieroglyphic drawings which accompanied and be part of the wonderful work of art. The owner's name is placed the statue on the base or next to it.
And pyramids found express the greatness of Ancient Egyptian architecture. These wild huge graves have four triangular walls converge at the point of the summit representing the hill out of primitive life in the myths of creation or represent strong sunlight. We have built about 100 Pyramid and as a rest house after the death of their rulers. The square shaped temples at East West on the line for sunrise and sunset. The ancient Egyptians believed that the model of the temple built by humans can be a natural environment suitable for the gods. Greeks have benefited from the ancient Egyptians in sculpture, architecture, philosophy and theology (see: Amenhotep) .. The ancient Egyptians were masters of art works of stone, metal and glass-making normal color.

The excavation revealed the effects of the prehistoric era in Egypt since 6000 BC.. The presence of archaeological sites on Egypt's southern border with Sudan, where found the burial sites and establishment of Aloebad and ceremonies and cattle graves indicating consecrated. The graves were found on human handicraft items, weapons and time to go back to this era, which indicates the existence of the doctrine after death. The doctrine of the ancient Egyptians are the sun represented in the doctrine of Ra and Horus and the furnace and an expert. And the moon represented in the doctrine of Tut and Khonsu and the earth are represented in the doctrine of pocket Knott was goddess of the sky and Shuo Tefnut god of the wind and humidity. And Osiris and Isis, and the rulers of the underworld. Most of these gods revolved around them legends. And became Amon Ra and after the merger represent the doctrine of Amon - Ra as king of the gods.

  There was a private local gods worshiped in all the territory of Egypt. The Reverend King largest exercise in feasts and rituals were performed by priests in the days to the regular temples. The ordinary people to Aidechlunha only to serve. The Egyptians were interested in life after death and the living graves and Izinunha and يجهزونا pictures and furniture. They were after death care mummified (article) Dead. They were put in coffins charms and amulets on the mummy. They write texts on magic cloth or on the walls of the cemetery and papyrus to be buried with him. These texts were to protect and guide him in the underworld.

 In ancient Egypt, the king is the absolute ruler and spiritual leader and the link between the people and the gods. And was supported by the minister and the administrative system and followed by priests. The king was the commander of the army and his commanders and soldiers of the army of the Egyptians at the age of twenty-fifth to forty years. The sentence was genetically between children in most of the time except Horemheb (1319 BC..), Who was a leader and Ramses I, who succeeded not of royal blood. Rarely was a woman who ruled Egypt except Hatshepsut, who ruled in the family of 18 after the death of her husband Tuthmosis II in 1479 BC..